Agricultural marketing articles
01. Importance and Objectives of Agricultural Marketing in India
02. Inadequacies of Present Marketing System
03. Characteristics of Agricultural Products
04. Agricultural Marketing in India
05. Improvement of Agricultural Marketing System
06. Cooperative Marketing in India
07. Warehousing in India
08. Ideal Marketing System
09. Scientific Marketing of Farm Products
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Cooperative Marketing System in India
Though the above measures have improved the system of agricultural marketing to some extent, a major part of the benefits has been derived by large farmers, who have adequate marketable surplus. However, the small and marginal farmers continue to sell a major part of their produce to moneylenders to meet their credit needs and these moneylenders offer them very low prices. Therefore it is essential to form cooperatives of the small and marginal farmers to enable them to obtain fair prices for their produce. The advantages that co-operative marketing can confer on the farmer are multifarious, some of which are listed below.
1. Increases bargaining strength of the fanners
Many of the defects of the present agricultural marketing system arise because often one ignorant and illiterate farmer (as an individual) has to face well-organised mass of clever intermediaries. If the farmers join hands and for a co-operative, naturally they will be less prone to exploitation and malpractices. Instead of marketing their produce separately, they will market it together through one agency.
2. Direct dealing with final buyers
In cases, the co-operatives can altogether skip the intermediaries and enter into direct relations with the final buyers. This practice will eliminate exploiters and ensure fair prices to both the producers and the consumers.
3. Provision of credit
The marketing co-operative societies provide credit to the farmers to save them from the necessity of selling their produce immediately after harvesting. This ensures better returns to the farmers.
4. Easier and cheaper transport
Bulk transport of agricultural produce by the societies is often easier and cheaper. Sometimes the societies have their own means of transport. This further reduces cost and botheration of transporting produce to the market.
5. Storage facilities
The co-operative marketing societies generally have storage facilities. Thus the farmers can wait for better prices. Also there is no danger to their crop yield from rains, rodents and thefts.
6. Grading and standardization
This task can be done more easily for a co-operative agency than for an individual farmer. For this purpose, they can seek assistance from the government or can even evolve their own grading arrangements.
7. Market intelligence
The co-operatives can arrange to obtain data on market prices, demand and supply and other related information from the markets on a regular basis and can plan their activities accordingly.
8. Influencing marketing prices
While previously the market prices were determined by the intermediaries and merchants and the helpless farmers were mere spectators force to accept, whatever was offered to them, the co-operative societies have changed the entire complexion of the game. Wherever strong marketing co-operative are operative, they have bargained for and have achieved, better prices for their agricultural produce.
9. Provision of inputs and consumer goods
The co-operative marketing societies can easily arrange for bulk purchase of agricultural inputs, like seeds, manures fertilizers etc. and consumer goods at relatively lower price and can then distribute them to the members.
10. Processing of agricultural produce
The co-operative societies can undertake processing activities like crushing seeds, ginning 'and pressing of cotton, etc.
In addition to all these advantages, the co-operative marketing system can arouse the spirit of self-confidence and collective action in the farmers without which the programme of agricultural development, howsoever well conceived and implemented, holds no promise to success.
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