Agricultural marketing articles
01. Importance and Objectives of Agricultural Marketing in India
02. Inadequacies of Present Marketing System
03. Characteristics of Agricultural Products
04. Agricultural Marketing in India
05. Improvement of Agricultural Marketing System
06. Cooperative Marketing in India
07. Warehousing in India
08. Ideal Marketing System
09. Scientific Marketing of Farm Products
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Article on agricultural marketing in india and its systems. This article explains Scientific Marketing of Farm Products ...
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You are reading article on Agricultural Marketing in India
Agricultural Marketing in India
The term agricultural marketing is composed of two words -agriculture and marketing. Agriculture, in the broadest sense means activities aimed at the use of natural resources for human welfare, and marketing connotes a series of activities involved in moving the goods from the point of production to the point of consumption. Specification, the subject of agricultural marketing includes marketing functions, agencies, channels, efficiency and cost, price spread and market integration, producers surplus etc. The agricultural marketing system is a link between the farm and the non-farm sectors.
Agricultural marketing - introduction
In India Agriculture was practiced formerly on a subsistence basis; the villages were self sufficient, people exchanged their goods, and services within the village on a barter basis. With the development of means of transport and storage facilities, agriculture has become commercial in character, the farmer grows those crops that fetch a better price. Marketing of agricultural produce is considered as an integral part of agriculture, since an agriculturist is encouraged to make more investment and to increase production. Thus there is an increasing awareness that it is not enough to produce a crop or animal product; it must be marketed as well.
Agricultural marketing involves in its simplest form the buying and selling of agricultural produce. This definition of agricultural marketing may be accepted in olden days, when the village economy was more or less self-sufficient, when the marketing of agricultural produce presented no difficulty, as the farmer sold his produce directly to the consumer on a cash or barter basis. But, in modem times, marketing of agricultural produce is different from that of olden days. In modem marketing, agricultural produce has to undergo a series of transfers or exchanges from one hand to another before it finally reaches the consumer.
The National Commission on Agriculture, defined agricultural marketing as a process which starts with a decision to produce a saleable farm commodity and it involves all aspects of market structure of system, both functional and institutional, based on technical and economic considerations and includes pre and post- harvest operations, assembling, grading, storage, transportation and distribution. The Indian council of Agricultural Research defined involvement of three important functions, namely (a) assembling (concentration) (b) preparation for consumption (processing) and (c) distribution.
II. Importance and Objectives of Agriculture Marketing
The farmer has realized the importance of adopting new techniques of production and is making efforts for more income and higher standards of living. As a consequence, the cropping pattern is no longer dictated by what he needs for his own personal consumption but what is responsive to the market in terms of prices received by him. While the trade is very organised the farmers are not Farmer is not conversant with the complexities of the marketing system which is becoming more and more complicated. The cultivator is handicapped by several disabilities as a seller. He sells his produce at an unfavorable place, time and price.
The objectives of an efficient marketing system are:
1. to enable the primary producers to get the best possible returns,
2. to provide facilities for lifting all produce, the farmers are willing, to sell at an incentive price,
3. to reduce the price difference between the primary producer and ultimate consumer, and
4. to make available all products of farm origin to consumers at reasonable price without impairing on the quality of the produce.
III. Facilities Needed for Agricultural Marketing
In order to have best advantage in marketing of his agricultural produce the farmer should enjoy certain basic facilities.
1. He should have proper facilities for storing his goods.
2. He should have holding capacity, in the sense, that he should be able to wait for times when he could get better prices for his produce and not dispose of his stocks immediately after the harvest when the prices are very low.
3. He should have adequate and cheap transport facilities which could enable him to take his surplus produce to the mandi rather than dispose it of in the village itself to the village money-lender-cum-merchant at low prices.
4. He should have clear information regarding the market conditions as well as about the ruling prices, otherwise may be cheated. There should be organized and regulated markets where the farmer will not be cheated by the -dalals- and -arhatiyas-.
5. The number of intermediaries should be as small as possible, so that the middleman's profits are reduced. This increases the returns to the farmers.
Next : Inadequacies of Present Marketing System